Wrong about who uses the most electricity per capita; wrong to use that as a figure without more explanation; wrong by implication because the US doesn’t use the most energy per capita, either, and wrong because you were either trying to imply something about GHG emissions or you left that out completely. Either one is bad. The US is 11th in electricity use per capita and 9th in energy use per capita.
Iceland is a perfect illustration of why it’s a mistake to use electricity in a discussion the way you do, and not talk about energy and emissions. It uses its cheap, rock-steady reliable geothermal and hydro to supply its own energy and makes aluminum as its biggest source of foreign exchange (much the same way the US Pacific northwest does with hydro). Iceland is virtually 100% powered by renewable energy (RE), and a lot of what’s direct use of fossil fuels in other countries (primary energy–transport, heating, industry) is electrified and uses waste heat in Iceland. It’s hooked into the Nordic grid which is 2/3 RE, 1/3 RE primary energy and increasing both rapidly. (Though not as fast as it needs to.) Norway too, is almost all hydro with some wind and has the highest (and growing) per capita EV use, as a direct result of climate policy. The Nordic grid is also rapidly increasing its already large offshore wind supply, spread through the North Sea area especially by Denmark.
Since a big part of renewablizing energy is electrification, countries that use a lot of renewable electricity are way ahead of others. EVs will take over the roads incredibly quickly even without government help, though of course we should be making it happen sooner through subsidies and education (and stopping fossil fuel subsidies).
There are 21 countries at or near 100% RE electricity and dropping prices on solar, wind and batteries, and the EV revolution will bring many of them near 100% energy very quickly.
Electricity use per capita
8 United Arab Emirates
11 United States
Energy use per capita
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Arab Emirates
- United States
And the US has 326 million people, so while you’re technically correct and it is more than 200m, clearly once again you have no idea what you’re talking about and are just making things up.
The article didn’t say enough about the difference between electricity and primary energy, or talk about how different Costa Rica (and Nicaragua, inspired by Iceland) are from most countries. What’s usually primary energy is more integrated into the grid there so is easier to renewablize.