Sander's: 5 of them. That is not a typographic error; that is ignorance.
The British NHS was funded as a national insurance scheme which debited the employee's wages the cost of one insurance stamp and the employer the cost of 3 insurance stamps to place into one's NHS book when I was first introduced to it in its hey-day. When Thatcher started to maggot British social democracy, dentists and surgeons were writing letters to the newspapers condemning what Thatcher was attempting to do to the NHS.The same insurance system covered unemployment benefits and one's future old-age pension. It worked well.
Australia and NZ also had a specific fund dedicated to welfare but that got subsumed into Consolidated Revenue a long time ago. In NZ, public hospitals are taxpayer-funded, as in Australia.The private specialists in both countries are allocated some beds in public hospitals as long as they do some work in the public hospitals, as in the UK. In Australia and New Zealand GPs and specialists are private although in Australia the government helps towards paying the bill by making a co-payment.The Australian system, since the Tory Howard goverment came to power in 1996, has been increasingly underfunded and is being bent steadily and deliberately towards the USAian health-chaos arrangement, as less and less is being spent on public hospitals and the government co-payment to GPs and specialists has remained the same for many years whilst costs have risen.
Now that NZ and Australia have signed the TPP, no doubt privatisation of health-care will proceed apace and government purchases of generic drugs will cease, forcing up what are already expensive prescription costs.
And don't let anyone fool you that the "Brexit" will do anything to improve Britain's NHS. Brexit takes the UK out from below the European Human Rights umbrella and into the hands of the neo-nazis, the loony-tune right Tories and their Bliarite counterparts in the Labour party, and will please the Murdoch gutter press no end. The banks will still do what banks always have done, which is to create debt and thereby their income.
How a country with the wealth of the USA cannot do the world's best health system beats me; if Sweden could do it, why not the USA?