Replying to your invitation for responses to you article.
There are no indications that people are born with a predilection towards xenophobia instead of decent impulses. Some will say that things aren't what they 'used to be'. Others dismiss that as a generational comment that every gereration repeats. Yet if one checks they'll find that there has been efforts over the decades to separate and isolate people. The philosophy that we're responsible for only ourselves and no one else. Destroying the sense of community, the interactions and synergism that benefits us all as opposed to being atomized individuals. This was a conscious effort by the wealthy and powerful who control and run the country and wanted to increase that control and prevent attempts at functioning democracy. It was designed and implemented by what is now the most sophisticated and deeply rooted propaganda complex the world had ever known. And who exist for just this purpose.
Religious orthodoxies are themselves institutions of power. They maintain that power by controlling members. They are xenophobic and clannish by nature. Far right-wing political sources tap into that membership pool by exploiting that xenophobia and use it to weaken the majority via the 'divide et impera' strategy.
That people share many fundamental and important issues was dramatically revealed by the Bernie Sanders campaign. No 'hot button' topics but actual issues people find very important. A campaign that the media virtually shunned and was treated almost with contempt by the party his ran under. And he almost won the nomination. Trump, or any other GOP human impersonator, couldn't have stopped him. He had no weak points to exploit, and everything Sanders stressed over and over would have exposed Trump and his 5th grade level of speech for what he is. It took the Democractic 'leadership' to keep the country from getting a 180 degree different outcome. Sanders stressed basic issues of economics and equity. Issues of living and existence. That they should be considered 'parisan' issues is an indication to the degree of propagandistic influence in our political discourse. But the public, besides being born with decent impulses also inherited a brain and free will. Attributes that would assess Sanders as the real thing.
The human population is an example of pluralism. Orthodoxies, which reject pluralism, demand that there be an answer to anything and everything. But there isn't, and we know that. In the sciences this was realized by Isaac Newton over 300 yrs ago. He thought the physical world could be described like clockwork, but found that it couldn't. And science today knows not one bit more about the most fundamental questions than what Newton did. Yet we can make models and mathematical representations and make accurate predictions for these fundamental phenomena which created our industrial and technological world. We can live without knowing the answers to the most fundamental questions. For physics and for the reproduction of conscious beings like ourselves. One can't deny the emotional aspect. It's built in by nature, both physically and by our capacity for empathy. But humanity has existed with a 'live and let live' understanding. Perhaps for the same reasons. It's interesting to note what part of a population the 'Ten Commandments' were addressed to. No mention of the evils of power, exploitation or the nurturing of xenophobia.
The 'Pale Blue Dot' theme is an interesting reminder and barometer to give us a perspective on reality and our commonality. But predator and prey have that same commonality. What's lacking is the common good. Back in the 1950's and perhaps the 1960's there was a childern's tv show that ended with the words “The big world we are in, and the bigger world that's in us”. It's the latter that finds the common good.