Any and all manufacturers need to - as part of their corporate charter, business development plan, industry participation, tax status and consumer accountability - be active participants in materials reclamation programs commensurate with precisely those materials used in their products, resulting from obsolescence of their product(s).
The era of “planned obsolescence” cooked up by the parasitic bernaysian construct of “consumer loyalty” (now, there is a sociopathic oxymoron if ever there was one) is over.
In a related consideration, whatever people might not yet fully comprehend and think about the block chain accounting structure (eg: on which bitcoin is based), it is an innovation fundamental to breaking the stranglehold of the now totally out of control finance system. The very notion of returning to the “gold standard” and the various forms and scales of mining, open pit and otherwise, in perpetuity is patently insane. Time for sunset structures across the board.
Economies and monetary systems function, as any economist will tell you, because PEOPLE BELIEVE IN AND TRUST THEM. They set the standard for exchanges between human beings, hopefully on coherent, sustainable, equitable foundations.
If mining companies want to stay in business and shift out of raw mineral to reclamation operations, why not provide these a strictly limited window to access incentives to retool, to develop products and markets? And while we’re at it, to establish production parameters that include full zero goal pollution containment.
How much of the mineral dependency of modern western operations are desire rather than necessity based? What percentage of the desire based market is utterly beyond cost effectiveness if “externalized costs” are brought into proper accounting?
Public discussion of the ‘externalized costs’ dynamic is, I would submit, the ‘hephalump in the rum’, and the entire society is staggering from the resulting inebriation.