For any wondering what the “lower courts” refer to -
Here is the page on vacancies and where they are;
The Courts of Special Jurisdiction are listed on the page of “lower courts” -
U.S. Courts of Special Jurisdiction
There are a number of courts that have jurisdiction over certain types of cases. Links to the sites for these courts are below:
This court has nationwide jurisdiction over cases involving international trade and customs issues.
This court has nationwide jurisdiction over most claims against the United States.
This court offers a forum for taxpayers to dispute a tax deficiency determined by the Commissioner of the I.R.S. This court also has jurisdiction over a variety of other (tax/worker) cases.
This court has worldwide appellate jurisdiction over members of the armed forces on active duty and other persons subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
This court reviews certain Board of Veteran’s Affairs decisions. It does not hold trials, receive new evidence, or hear witnesses. Th USCAVC reviews Board of Veteran’s Affairs decisions, the written record, and the briefs of the parties.
This panel determines 1) whether civil actions pending in different federal districts should be transferred to a single district for pretrial proceedings; and 2) the selection of judge/s and court assigned to conduct such proceedings.