thanks for the excellent link, ‘natureboy’! i snipped a couple of quotes from the article for my file on war and peace.
However, there is a great deal of evidence suggesting that this view is false. In 2005, I published a book called The Fall, which argued that the human race’s prehistory was relatively harmonious, and that phenomena such as warfare, male domination, social hierarchies and theistic religions only began to emerge around 6000 years ago, due to the development of a strong sense of individuality and separation.
interesting that the emergence of “male domination, social hierarchies and theistic religions” culminate in an ongoing story line of war after war for conquest and dominance leading many to conclude warfare is human nature.
yet, i see many of us, male and female, who act with compassion, acceptance and mutual respect.
after all we who do not love war are human, too.
i felt especially delighted to read that taylor believes chimpanzees have become more war-like due to human activity. recently, i watched a video of these ancestors waging war on a nearby community of chimps. i understand that jane goodall felt distress by that video as did i. in all her years observing chimps jane had not seen such aggressive behavior. the warrior chimps formed lines and moved quietly and strategically toward their neighbors so as to attack from different sides. surprise! two or three males captured a female who after a struggle managed to escape. not unlike human warfare soldiers display their masculinity by attacking unarmed civilians, women and children.
i don’t believe the chimps are “aping” humanity and doubt dr. taylor believes that either. what human activity then? we watch pbs’ “nature” every week and i’ve observed that males engage in combat for two reasons: access to food: and the right to procreate. because human population expansion leaves less, ever less, space for what we call (as if we’re not a part of but apart from) “the natural world” the wild kingdom has been crowded out forcing more desperate behavior. same with our species.
"Unlike plagues of the dark ages or contemporary diseases we do not yet
understand, the modern plague of overpopulation is soluble by means
we have discovered and with resources we possess. What is lacking
is not sufficient knowledge of the solution but universal
consciousness of the gravity of the problem and education of the
billions who are its victims. "–MLK
and in conclusion
We were a peaceful species once before, so there’s no reason why we should give up hope of becoming peaceful once again.