Well, that certainly is one important question.
First, we have to agree that we’re ruled by an oligarchy, not a democracy or any kind of republic.
The public has been hoodwinked; the alleged goals and reality set up by rich white males in charge from the start were wildly at odds with the structures and means supposedly set up to achieve them. Consciously or un, they were actually set up to achieve the goals of the rich white males. Consciously or un, the US and all the state governments were a con job meant to change the names of the rulers and their job titles but leave the racist patriarchal oligarchic structure essentially intact. The British East India Company that had effectively infiltrated Parliament and the monarchy has become Exxon, Koch and Bayer, with the same penetration (sexual innuendo intended) into all branches and all levels of all governments.
We have an essentially fascist government, but we believe ultimate sovereignty rests in the people, and since I don’t know of any agency that both can and will act on and implement that, it must be the people’s responsibility. Anything peaceful we do to dismantle fascism is justified.
Demonstrations, boycotts, strikes, parallel structures of government and business, blockades, direct actions of all kinds, and whatever other peaceful means it takes should be used to remove Republicans from power in corporations, and all 3 branches and at all levels of government. The first step is to reverse the gerrymandering and voter suppression they’ve instituted and prosecute those responsible, presenting them with the out of a truth and reconciliation process. In exchange for no prison they would reveal all, turn over all documents and profits, and agree never to hold another position of responsibility in business, government or non-profit.)
Currently, for practical purposes each government agency is owned by the industry it’s supposed to regulate; overall rule is by fossil fuel, agro-chemical and banking corporations, backed, if needed, by the military-industrial-psychological complex. So the other first step is that all corporations will have to be reconstituted in forms that serve the public good and are subject to termination if they don’t. (That includes the Republican party.) Taking the chartering process seriously, for example, maybe making B Corps more of a model for all corps.
The Constitution will have to be drastically amended or re-written–no more Electoral College or small-state bias, no more equal Senate representation for each state. (Right now the least populous 21 states have a strong red tilt because they’re rural, less educated, gerrymandered, and bribed, extorted, and indoctrinated by the broad and powerful ag and land system agencies owned by the fossil and fissile fuel and agrochemical corporations. Those 21 states combined equal California’s population but obviously have 42 US Senators to California’s 2–a gross misrepresentation. By itself that would have been enough to start and keep rolling the slow coup that the right has been executing since 1964, but it’s also allowed them to commit all the other illegal, unconstitutional and anti-democratic moves the Republican party has made.
For example, we now have the ability to program the system to give each citizen exactly the same vote on all issues, regardless of the number of sitting representatives. California’s 2 senators could be given the same voting power in the Senate as the 42 small-state Senators.
Once the people of the US have power again, to prevent a recurrence of that concentration of wealth and power that’s destroying the entire biosphere we’ll need to restructure the government, and rededicate media, education, and culture to equalize all—politically and economically. We also need to gear up our psychotherapeutic system to heal the complex emotional illness that causes and is caused by civilization and that concentration of power and wealth, and compels people to destroy.
This is an unparalleled and previously unimaginable crisis; we need to move beyond our current preconceptions and abilities and do whatever is necessary.