The fossil fuel corporate troll farm will try to sabotage this comments forum in a few minutes, claiming to be several actual people. I’ll ignore them.
Engineering is a matter of looking for full or partial solutions to problems, looking at the engineering side-effects of each solution, then looking in turn for the solutions to the side effects. Here’s an example:
We face a mass extinction and we also face a great human starvation in the next few decades, well within our great-grandchildrens’ lifetimes. We can’t eat in front of our great-grandchildren at the dinner table in peace, knowing the hunger that we’re setting them up for.
One solution is to implement the inventions that we already have, but a better solution is to keep re-inventing the big solutions that we’re going to need, in winter heating, in nighttime electricity supply, in transit and in preventing/inhibiting the Arctic meltdown.
Problem: our market economy system doesn’t reward inventors who do these things. In fact the inventors go hungry until they turn away and do something more useless.
One solution to this subproblem: Maybe the “market economy” model is silly in the face of mass human starvation.
So, how do we, the living, not the jerks, solve this subproblem?
One way is to put the government in charge. When the army wants a weapon they don’t try to hallucinate it into existence, instead they open a lab to design it. The problem with our own current federal government is, it’s crazy as a loon (actually loons aren’t particularly crazy birds).
Another way is to start a private philanthropy. The March of Dimes took actual children’s dimes and funded a vaccine for polio in the 1940s and 1950s. This system avoids crazy governments entirely.