I make the observation that with all of the Settler Nations out of Europe, using that infernal “Doctrine of Discovery” as a template, the Indingenous peoples in each region had their fates tied directly to the type of resources found there.
In the Southern regions which were settled by Spain, the locals lived in places that were either rich in gold or resources or living on lands suited to plantation type economies. In order for the Spanish to extract wealth they had to extinguish the local populations to seperate them from their Gold or their lands. This lead to genocide in the Caribbean basin and slaughter and enslavement in the areas held by the Inca and the Aztec.
The Colonial powers of England and France both looked on Spain with envy and the rush was on to find those “Cities of Gold” in the mid latitudes (settled by the British and becoming the United States of America) and the regions further North, settled by the French and becoming Canada.
No Cities of Gold were found in the regions settled by the English , but arable land was plentiful and in order to sieze the wealth of those lands the local peoples had to be extinguished so that the lands could be used to grow things like Cotton in the regions in the South , or simply privatized and the ownership transferred to landless settlers from Europe.
The region settled by Canada was NOT all that arable. It did not support Plantation type economies and it was hard to get settlers to migrate to the region because of the Climate. The wealth to France came primarily from the fur trade and in order to access those furs the French needed to live alongside the Indigenous peoples so that the Natives could bring in those furs. The French were then threatened by the more populous regions to the South of them in what became the thirteen colonies wherein remaining on friendly terms with the Native peoples became even more important.
None of this was because the French more enlightened as one can see from how they acted in their Caribbean Colonies where they every bit as brutal as were the English and Spaniards. The reality is that the wealth of these nations and of those who settled them, did not come about because they were somehow “Enlightened” or of “Higher and more Noble Character”. It was nothing more then theft on a grand scale.
My Grandfather told me something when I was a child I will always remember. It happened after watching some show TV where they spoke of the “hard working Migrants” coming from Europe to build “better lives for themselves” and so an and so forth and how they created wealth out of nothing. He said this was bullcrap. He said he worked JUST as hard when he was a young man in Poland and got nowhere because ALL of the land and all of the wealth was owned by someone else. These were the one percent of the day. The ONLY reason he was able to make a new life in Canada was because land was GIVEN to him. Land that once belonged to the First nations people and that this was “Wealth Redistribution”.
The Capitalist economies of Canada, The USA and the regions settled by Spain by the Spaniards was based on theft. It was “privatizing” that which was once held in Common by a given tribe and redistributing the control of this wealth to those arriving from Europe.
Private property IS theft.