Conflict with Iran has the potential to be far more than ‘another disastrous war’: it has the potential to drag Russia into conflict with the US, should Iran be threatened with regime change. It is strategically too important for Moscow and would destabilize its own near-abroad and be considered a threat to the Russian federation itself. If survival is threatened war is the result. That is the fall-back position of nuclear deterrence doctrine. This would be an indirect, and presumably, unintended consequence of attack on Iran. The warning from history is clear: power (manifested as interest) has been present in every conflict of the past – no exception. It is the underlying motivation for war. Other cultural factors might change, but not power. As a result every civilization/nation eventually gets the war it is trying to avoid: utter defeat. Leaders and decision-makers delude themselves, thinking they can avoid their fate – that the war of self-destruction can be avoided, limited in scale or even won. History has always proven them wrong.