The answer to this article's headline question is: no, because as Senator Dick Durbin reminded us more than a decade ago, Wall Street owns the Congress that makes tax policy and directs its pit bull (IRS) to implement and enforce Congress' tax policy. You and I do not own Congress so they don't care what our opinion is on this matter.
Taxing banks to discourage reckless behavior would simply result in banks figuring out how to game the tax. FDR's New Deal regulations made such reckless behavior illegal and bankers were being put in jail as late as the 1980s for failing to comply. Decriminalization of the New Deal regulations since Saint Ron's revolution and the concurrent Democratic leadership Council (DLC) formation condones reckless behavior and creation of too-big-to-fail banks that controlled 25% of US banking assets when they crashed the economy in 2008 and now control 50% with no end to their march to monopoly in sight.
The first step to turning Wall Street's decriminalized criminal behavior around is to restore New Deal regulations.